Biotope Generative System

Strategy for integrating a contemporary housing community with nature in Florida, USA


Humanity is no longer the sole organiser of matter and space. Global warming and the constant destruction of the planet puts mankind under the mercy of nature. The debate linked to more responsive architecture, connected to nature has been growing since the 1960s. Notwithstanding this fact to this date architecture is somewhat conservative: following the same principles with the belief in rigidity, solidity, and levity. This is why we need to change this mindset for the rigid and static architecture and start building with nature. By that, I mean the actual implementation of living matter where nature becomes an inherent part of the design process and life becomes a building material.

My thesis begins by predicting the state of the earth in the year 2100. Warming from anthropogenic emissions from the pre-industrial period to the present will persist for centuries to millennia and will continue to cause further long-term changes in the climate system, such as the rise of sea levels and consequently the sinking of coastal cities with associated impacts (high confidence), but these emissions alone are unlikely to cause global warming of 1.5°C (medium confidence).

Dessau International Architecture Graduate School

Mohamed Mansour

Sina Mostafavi, Manuel Kretzer

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World map today

Predicted world map of the year 2100 with vast parts of the planet submerged in water

As this hypothesis is set far in the future we need an area of uniform environmental conditions providing a living place for a specific assemblage of plants and animals. The term biotope is almost synonymous with the word habitat. The aim of the biotope is to highlight a sensitive observation of biological processes derived through computational thinking and digital making for creating a natural system with multi-layered components and complex relationships.This is to control the growth of nature and provide a self-sufficient / adapting hybrid construction system that allows continuity of growing and integrating the contemporary communities with nature to improve the performance of the living spaces.

Right: Simulation of natural growth patterns.
Below left: This diagram describes the form finding process based on spaces, number of people, ventilation, lighting and structural analysis.
Below right: Growing timeline that shapes the spaces according to the time, height and agent-based modelling.

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